Реферат — «Causes of Birth Defects»

Вид работы: реферат

Дисциплина: дефектология

Тема: Causes of Birth Defects

Объем: 14 стр

Год сдачи работы: 2011

Язык выполнения: английский

 

Содержание

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 1. THEORETICAL OVERVIEW OF MAJOR BIRTH DEFECTS AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES

1.1 Definition and Early Knowledge

1.2 Origin of Birth Defects

1.3 Origin of Developmental Disabilities

CHAPTER 2. BIRTH DEFECTS: THE SEARCH FOR CAUSES AND CURES

2.1 Causes of Birth Defects

2.1.1 Causes originating before conception

2.1.2 Causes originating after conception

2.1.3 Unknown causes

2.2. Cures of Birth Defects

CONCLUSIONS

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

СПИСОК ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ

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  2. Christianson, A., Howson, Ch. P., Modell, B. (2006). Global report on birth defects: The hidden toll of dying and disabled children. March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation. White Plains, New York. p. 14-16. Retrieved on July from: ?http://www.marchofdimes.com/downloads/Birth_Defects_Report-PF.pdf?
  3. Farabee, W. C. (1903). Hereditary and sexual influence in meristic variation. A study of digital malformations in man. PhD thesis, Harvard University, USA.
  4. Lejeune, J., Gautier, M., Turpin, R. (1959). Etude des chromosome somatique des neufs enfants mongoliens. C R Academy Science Paris 248: 1721-1722.
  5. Nelson, K., Holmes, L. B. (1989). Malformations due to presumed spontaneous mutations in newborn infants. New England Journal of Medicine 320: 19-23.
  6. OMIM ™ (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man). 2000.  McKusick-Nathans Institute for Genetic Medicine, Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore, MD) & Natl. Cent. Biotechnol. Inf., Natl Library of Medicine (Bethesda, MD). Retrieved on July from: ?http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=OMIM?
  7. Passarge, E. (1995). Color Atlas of Genetics. Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart. New York.
  8. Seashore, M. R, Wappner, R. S. (1996). Genetics in Primary Care & Clinical Medicine. Prentice-Hall International Inc. New York.
  9. Sorsby, A. (1974). Noah- An Albino. In Tenements of Clay. Ed. Arnold Sorby. Charles Scribner’s Sons. New York, USA.

10. Turnpenny, P., Ellard, S. (Eds). (2005). Emery’s Elements of Medical Genetics. 12th Edition. Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

11. Warkany, J. (1979). History of Teratology. In Handbook of Teratology, 2nd edition. Vol. 1. Ed Wilson, J. G & Clarke Fraser F. Plenum Press. London and New York.

12. WHO. (2000). Report of a meeting on preventing congenital rubella syndrome: immunization strategies, surveillance needs. WHO, Geneva, Switzerland.

Birth defects and developmental disabilities: The Search for Causes and Cures. Issue report. (2005). Retrieved on July from: ?http://www.aaidd.org/ehi/media/BirthDefectsandDDTFAH05.pdf

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